Cydonia oblonga 'LESKOVACKA'

Cydonia oblonga
Cydonia oblonga 'LESKOVACKA'
quince
SIZE/TYPE small tree
 taller shrub
USUAL HEIGHT 2-5m
USUAL WIDTH 2-3m
LEAVES deciduous broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES green
FLOWERS showy
COLOUR OF FLOWERS +multicolored:white a pink
BLOOMING TIME May
LOCATION full sun
SOIL TYPE any (acidic to alkaline)
SOIL MOISTURE REQUIREMENTS evenly moist but well-drained
USDA zone (lowest) 5   (down to -29°C)
WINTER PROTECTION  
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Fruit trees
Deciduous broadleaf
náhled fotonáhled fotonáhled foto
Quince is an old-fashioned fruit species that is re-gaining well-deserved attention again. It comes from West Asia and is scarcely distributed across temperate parts of the world including hotter regions because it is both hardy and heat resistant. There is a number of varieties boasting various fruit shapes, maturity time, and habits, however, not always is this tree cultivated solely for its tasty and good-looking fruit. Its leaves as well as foliage are handsome, too.

Leskovacka, pronounced with a soft ‘c’ as ‘leskovatschka’, is an old quince variety from Serbia, former Yugoslavia, known already since 1898. It bears large, apple-shaped fruit that is rich yellow when ripe and highly aromatic. In ancient times the fruit was also called golden apple. Quince is renowned for its large, pink flushed, white flowers, which come out later in the season when the tree already has leaves. Those are deciduous, oval, 5-10 cm long or exceptionally longer, rich green in summer and golden and orange in autumn with prominent red veins and stalks. Quince naturally forms a large, spreading shrub but can be trained into a single-stemmed tree or grafted. It is self-fertile but cross-pollination will considerably increase yield.

All quince varieties are cultivated for the strongly aromatic fruit which is picked in late autumn, usually in October in temperate regions of Europe. In countries with hot and long summers it is left on the tree until it turns soft which is a sign of maturity, only then it is very aromatic and sweet. Here (C.E. climate) the fruit is commonly processed as it is used to enhance aroma of desserts, preserves and other meals with different types of scent-lacking fruit. It has high content of potassium and vitamin C, sugars are on the same level as in apples, for instance.

Quince is soil adaptable, however, if you are looking for heavy crop of quality fruit make sure the soil is well-drained, medium moist, and rich in organic matter. Grow it as a compact shrub or small tree in full sun or some shade, it will not tolerate deep shade. Pruning time and style are identical to what you do with apples – cut off too long branches in late winter. Hardy to about -30°C.

Last update 09-10-2021
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Cydonia oblonga height 125-150 cm
STANDARD
CHLUMEC BY POST
Cydonia oblonga height 125-150 cm
STANDARD
PRAGUE BY POST

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Cydonia oblonga
Cydonia oblonga
GLOSSARY
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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