Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'Viveleg' OLIVE MARTINI™

Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'Viveleg'
Elaeagnus x ebbingei 'Viveleg' OLIVE MARTINI™
evergreen silverthorn - tree form
SIZE/TYPE small tree
LEAVES evergreen broadleaf
COLOUR OF LEAVES varigated:yellow a light green a green
FLOWERS less showy but noticeable
BLOOMING TIME September - October
LOCATION full to partial sun
SOIL TYPE any (acidic to alkaline)
SOIL MOISTURE REQUIREMENTS evenly moist (dislikes drought)
USDA zone (lowest) 6   (down to -23°C)
FOR ZONE 5+6 Code of winter protection zone 5+6
FOR ZONE 7 Code of winter protection zone 7
BELONGS TO CATEGORIES Evergreen broadleaf
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Evergreen silverthorn is a hybrid of e.macrophylla and e.pungens. Thanks to the foliage of the species it is sometimes called Russian olive which is not correct as this name is already used for its deciduous sister elaeagnus angustifolia. Viveleg is a variety patented in 2007 (PP20177), found by Christian Vivies in his nursery in Toulouse, France, as a natural mutation of elaeagnus x ebbingei. In the USA it is sold under a trade name OLIVE MARTINI™.

Viveleg silverthorn is a bushy, upright growing, evergreen shrub or small tree with irregularly variegated leaves. They are leathery, oval to ovate, partially undulated, and glossy. The centres are dark green, the margins are rich yellow, and the borderline between these two colours is light green but is not present on all leaves. Newly emerging leaves are silvery beige. Twigs are orange-brown, and the colder the weather comes in autumn the deeper the colour gets.

Apart from its attractive foliage evergreen silverthorn is also interesting for its almost invisible but very fragrant flowers. They are tiny and appear from late summer to early autumn. Their sweet perfume is distributed especially on sunny and warm afternoons and evenings. Pollinated flowers are followed by edible fruit in spring. About 1,5cm long, oval fruit is deep red and taste like sweeter dark cherries. It is best to ripen well which is when it begins to fall. The plant can hold the fruit only after mild winters.

Evergreen silverthorn is also demanded as a standard tree which offers an instant and evergreen screening that blocks the unwanted views from neighbouring windows. It also serves as a handsome, small, specimen, evergreen tree if regularly trimmed. Viveleg silverthorn is a fast and vigorous grower (30-70 cm per year) but compared with e.g. Gilt Edge variety it keeps an upright and almost uniform vase shape and denser habit.

Pruning and shaping can be done it in almost any manner from early spring until late summer. It is soil adaptable but needs mulching in our climate to protect surface roots from deep frost. In colder regions we suggest planting it in winter shade. Even after severe frosts it re-sprouts from healthy wood and makes long new branches. It will not live in boggy and wet conditions. Hardy to min. -23°C (USDA zone 6) and possibly a few degrees lower with some leaf damage. In frost-free periods provide extra watering on days when the ground is not frozen. Standard trees need good support for at least 3 years from transplanting, just remove the bamboo stick which is commonly attached to the tree when sold.

Last update 09-01-2021

Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Elaeagnus x ebbingei
Elaeagnus x ebbingei
  • STANDARD QUALITY - Plants of this group are 1st class quality with number of branches and overall density adequate to their size and age, considering they were container grown.
  • DE LUXE QUALITY - This label guarantees a luxurious quality of manually selected plants that, compared to their height and age, are exceptionally dense and beautiful.
  • EXTRA - These plants are usually mature and bigger specimens with exceptional overall appearance.
  • STANDARD (as described in the plant form) means a tree with a trunk of 190-210 cm and a crown at the top, unless specified differently. The commercial size for trees is their girth measured in the height of 1m from ground.
  • HOBBY - These plants are of the same quality as our standard-quality plants but younger and therefore cheaper.
  • SHRUB - a woody plant with branches growing bushy from the ground level.
  • HALF-STANDARD or MINI-STANDARD - a small tree with shorter trunk, its size is usually specified.
  • FEATHERED - These are trees with branches growing already from the base of the trunk and up along the stem.
  • GRASSES and PERENNIALS - Sizes given usually read the diameter of the pot or the clump, as specified.
LARGE PLANTS over 150 cmspecimens, screening and hedging shrubs

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